Corrosion Inhibitors prevent
further corrosion of the metal piping and equipment in the oilfield. Some crude oils with high levels of
acids are so
corrosive that pipeline failures occur during only a few weeks of actual
If chemical corrosion in the
oilfield is not addressed, the following costly items can occur: 1)
reduced production, 2) unfavorable environmental impacts, 3) Cleanup
costs, 4) reduced pipeline and equipment lifetime, 5) rapid replacement
and construction costs, 6) High engineering bills.
Usually, low levels of
corrosion inhibitors (100 ppm to 1000 ppm) are continuously injected or
prevent or limit corrosion on this equipment.
The following diagram
displays the effectiveness of a production line with, and without a
corrosion inhibitor that is producing a fluid with a high level of acid
The untreated (top) line has
a buildup of corroded metal which eventually causes line failure.
Because of the lower line thickness and increased surface roughness,
production rates decrease before failure occurs.
A line treated with a
Corrosion Inhibitor forms a protective layer between the produced fluids and the outer metal lining. This action inhibits
the acids from physically attaching to the line and maintains a
corrosive free environment for the metal line.
Further research is being
performed to chemically pretreat or chemically modify the metal matrix to
lower the corrosion properties of production string metals. This is
in the field of metallurgical chemistry.
Eugene for more information.